Nob Hill General Stores, Inc. v. NLRB

                              NOT FOR PUBLICATION                        FILED
                    UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS                       DEC 24 2020
                                                                      MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK
                                                                       U.S. COURT OF APPEALS
                              FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT

NOB HILL GENERAL STORES, INC.,                  No.    19-72429

                Petitioner,                     NLRB No. 20-CA-209431





NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS                        No.    19-72523
                                                NLRB No. 20-CA-209431




             This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent
except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3.


                     On Petition for Review of an Order of the
                         National Labor Relations Board

                     Argued and Submitted November 18, 2020
                             San Francisco, California

Before: THOMAS, Chief Judge, and SCHROEDER and BERZON, Circuit

      Nob Hill General Stores, Inc. (“Nob Hill”) petitions for review of an order of

the National Labor Relations Board (“the Board”). The Board determined that

Nob Hill violated Section 8(a)(5) and (1) of the National Labor Relations Act by

failing to provide information requested by Intervenor United Food and

Commercial Workers Union, Local 5 (“the Union”) for the purpose of

administering the collective bargaining agreement (“CBA”). The Board cross-

petitions for enforcement of the order. We deny Nob Hill’s petition for review and

grant the Board’s cross-petition.

      1. It is an unfair labor practice for an employer to refuse to provide a union

with information relevant to its duties, including the administration of a CBA.

NLRB v. Associated Gen. Contractors of Cal., Inc., 

633 F.2d 766

, 770 (9th Cir.

1980). “The Board may order production of information relevant to a dispute if

there is some probability that it would be of use to the union in carrying out its

statutory duties and responsibilities” under the CBA, even when there is a dispute

as to whether the underlying CBA issue could give rise to a potentially meritorious

grievance. NLRB v. Safeway Stores, Inc., 

622 F.2d 425

, 430 (9th Cir. 1980).

Although we interpret CBAs de novo, see Int’l Longshore & Warehouse Union,

Local 4 v. NLRB, 

978 F.3d 625

, 640–41 (9th Cir. 2020), where the issue is

information production, we need only determine that there is “some probability”

that the information would be useful to administration of the CBA. Safeway


Inc., 622 F.2d at 430


      Nob Hill contends that the language of its CBA with the Union entirely

forecloses any probability that the information requested in this case could be

useful to the Union in administering the CBA. For this position, Nob Hill relies on

the “notwithstanding clause” in section 1.13, which reads, in relevant part:

“Notwithstanding any language to the contrary contained in this Agreement

between the parties, it is agreed this Agreement shall have no application

whatsoever to any new food market or discount center until fifteen (15) days

following the opening to the public of any new establishment.”

      As Nob Hill stresses, “a ‘notwithstanding’ clause clearly signals the drafter’s

intention that the provisions of the ‘notwithstanding’ section override conflicting

provisions of any other section.” Cisneros v. Alpine Ridge Grp., 

508 U.S. 10

, 18

(1993). But a “notwithstanding” clause is necessarily tethered to other language

that determines its scope; the clause has no independent meaning. Here, the

“notwithstanding” clause precludes the application of the CBA “to any new food

market or discount center” for fifteen days after opening. But the provisions that

the Union sought to administer, such as section 4.9, governing transfers of

employees, and section 1.11, relating to individual contracts between covered

employees and Nob Hill, applied to currently covered employees. That the issues

here involve changes resulting from the new store does not necessarily mean that

applying those provisions to current employees is equivalent to applying the CBA

to the new store.

      Nob Hill argues that the Board erred in reading section 1.13 as an “after

acquired stores clause,” affecting only Nob Hill’s obligation to recognize the

Union for the new store under section 1.1 of the CBA after 15 days have passed.

See Alpha Beta Co., 

294 N.L.R.B. 228

, 229 (1989). The clause may apply more

broadly, delaying other CBA provisions as well as section 1.1. See Raley’s, 

336 N.L.R.B. 374

, 377 (2001) (describing section 1.13 as “delay[ing] application of the

other provisions . . . to new stores”). Nob Hill asserts, for instance, that the Union

cannot enforce section 1.13’s requirement for a new store to be staffed by a cadre

that includes current employees until after the store has been opened for fifteen

days. The Union argues that the section applies by its language to current

employees and includes a provision continuing trust fund contributions for

employees in the “cadre,” demonstrating its continuous application. But disputes

of this kind over whether a grievance alleging potential violations before and after

the fifteen-day period could succeed do not foreclose the Board’s relevance

determination for information production purposes. See Safeway Stores, 

Inc., 622 F.2d at 430

. Neither this Court nor the Board is required to “decide whether a

contract violation would be found” to determine that an information request is

relevant to contract administration. Dodger Theatricals Holdings, 

347 N.L.R.B. 953


970 (2006). “[W]hen it order[s] the employer to furnish the requested information

to the union, the Board [is] not making a binding construction of the labor

contract.” NLRB v. Acme Indus. Co., 

385 U.S. 432

, 437 (1967).

      The “notwithstanding” clause therefore does not allow Nob Hill to refuse to

provide information relevant to current employees’ interests under the CBA in

connection with the future opening of a new store.

      2. Substantial evidence supports the Board’s determination that the Union’s

information request was relevant to administering the CBA. The Union bears the

burden of showing relevance for information concerning employees outside the

bargaining unit, but that showing is subject to “a liberal, ‘discovery-type’

standard,” Press Democrat Publ’g Co. v. NLRB, 

629 F.2d 1320

, 1325 (9th Cir.

1980) (quoting 

Acme, 385 U.S. at 437

), and requires only a “probability that the

desired information was relevant, and that it would be of use to the union in

carrying out its statutory duties and responsibilities,” 

Acme, 385 U.S. at 437


“[T]he Board’s determination as to whether the requested information is relevant in

a particular case is given great weight by the courts.” San Diego Newspaper

Guild, Local No. 95 v. NLRB, 

548 F.2d 863

, 867 (9th Cir. 1977).

      Applying the deference due the Board’s determination, we uphold the

Board’s conclusion that information about the classifications and numbers of

positions at the new store and the unit and non-unit employees who requested and

were offered transfers, could be useful to assess the application of the CBA’s

transfer and staffing provisions to unit employees. Information about how unit

members could request a transfer and how members could be hired at the new store

relate to the terms of transfer of currently represented employees. See Kansas

Educ. Ass’n, 

275 N.L.R.B. 638

, 640 (1985). Pay scales, benefit plans, and the

employee handbook of the new store could have been of use to the Union’s

enforcement of section 1.11’s prohibition on individual employment agreements

that reduce wages and benefits of covered employees.

      Given the “great weight” afforded the Board in determining whether the

Union met its burden, San Diego Newspaper 

Guild, 548 F.2d at 867

, the Board’s

relevance conclusion was not erroneous.1

  Nob Hill does not contest the Board’s determination that Nob Hill’s nearly three-
month delay in providing some of the requested information was unreasonable and
a separate violation of Section 8(a)(5) and (1) of the National Labor Relations Act.

      The petition is DENIED, and the Board’s order is ENFORCED.

As we affirm the Board’s relevance conclusion, the Board is entitled to
enforcement of its decision and order as to the delay.


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